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Welcome to Sericulture

 

The natural silk fibre has been adored by human being for various purposes from time immemorial and it is still reign supreme as “The queen of fabrics” in the world textile industry of the world and the demand is also increasing year after year. Silk clothes have a look and feeling of affluence that no other can equal. Due to its great value and use, there have been many attempts in various parts of the world for production of silk in a large scale. One of the methods was rearing of silkworm on large scales by different techniques with great care in natural and controlled condition in different parts of the world for large-scale production of fine silk. This is known as sericulture. ‘Seri’ is a Latin word which means ‘silk’ and ‘culture’ is to ‘rear’. Silk is a natural filament created by the silkworm. Therefore, sericulture means the raising or rearing of silkworms for the production of silk.

Muga


A silk from Assam that shines like Gold! Muga silk is a wonderful gift of nature extracted from a species of insect not to be found any where in the world except in the North Eastern region of India. Muga Silk is the pride of Assam.

Muga is obtained from semi domesticated silk worm called Aantheraea asamenisis. Antheraea assamensis are raised outdoors primarily on two trees – Som (Machilus bombycina) and Soalu (Litsaea Polyantha). Read more

Eri


Eri culture has always remained a subsidiary occupation with the Indo-Mongoloid and Tibeto-Burman races of the valley especially amongst the tribals of the plains and hills. These people are the earliest inhabitants, although some tribals are considered tile migrants. An Eri cloth has remained the poor man’s silk. Till the advent of the mill made cloth, eri fabric had been used as winter wear and bed spread by the villagers. Read more

Mulberry


The history of mulberry silkworm is associated closely with the history of man and goes back to about 3500 years- a time during the regime of famous Chinese emperor Hwang Ti. Legend has it that but for the accident in which a silk cocoon happened to fall into a cup of hot tea, the Silk Industry might well have remained in comparative obscurity. A 14 year old Chinese empress, Si-Ling Ski, known as ‘Goddess of the Silkworm’ while attempting to retrieve the dropped cocoon from a hot cup of tea, found the delicate cobweb unwinding itself in gleammy strands leaving the small brown chrysalid behind. Read more

Tasar


Tasar silkworm (Antheraea mylitta D.) is polyphagous insect which reared outdoors. The important food plants of the tropical region of Central India are Sal (Shorea robusta Gaertn), Arjun (Terminalia. Arjuna Bedd.) and Asan (Terminalia tomentosa W&A), Besides these, the silkworm feeds on Ber, Jamun etc. The temperate species of this silkworm, namely, Antheraea proylei J. feeds on different species of oak (Quercus serrata) and other many species of Oak. Read more

Silk Reeling


The larvae after maturation crawl down the tree at dusk, which are then handpicked and placed in “Jali” (cocoonage) for spinning of cocoons. For continuation of generations 5% seeds cocoons are selected and kept in grainage hall for emergence of moth and production of eggs. Rest 95% good cocoons are stifled for reeling purpose. Normally 1kg of raw silk can be obtained from 4500-6000 cocoons depending upon the quality compactness and weight of shell. Read more

 
Directorate of Sericulture, Khanapara , Guwahati, Assami
 

 

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